Common Causes of Basements Flooding
While it is true that the majority of flooding issues occur during periods of heavy rain or rapid snowmelt during the spring, it is a problem that can happen during dry weather as well. There are many reasons why basement flooding can occur. It can result from seepage through the foundation floor or walls. The issue can also result from surface water sources or sewer backups. When you find yourself dealing with a flooded basement at your Kentucky property, help is available from our water damage repair and restoration professionals at ServiceMaster Fire & Water Restoration Services.
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What Are the Common Causes of Basement Flooding?
There are many causes of basement flooding that property face. The most common causes of flooded basements seen by homeowners and business owners in Kentucky include:
The Location of Your Home
Your home’s location can often be a cause of flooding issues. If you arrive at your property and find that your basement is flooded, it could be because of factors that include:
You Live in a Flooding-Prone Region – If you live near a river or stream that is known for frequently rising, your property could be at risk of flooding.
Your Home Sits on a Low Point – If your property is located on a low point, its slope could end up promoting the flow of water toward your house. It is another common flooding cause faced by property owners in the state of Kentucky.
Your Property Is Located at the Bottom of a Hill – If your home is located at the bottom of a hill, water can gather from the surrounding area and end up in your basement.
Poor weatherproofing is another common cause of flooding in basements. It is particularly important to have sufficient weatherproofing for your home in you live in an area that is prone to downpours, large amounts of snow melt, or hurricanes. Water from these sources can rise to the level of your basement and then seep into hairline cracks. It can also seep into the connections of walls and floors that have been poorly sealed. The end result is often a flooded basement.
Sealant is used during the construction of homes in areas such as foundations, floors, and walls to waterproof them. Over time, these sealants can deteriorate. This can allow leaks to seep through cracks. If your basement experiences flooding during most rainstorms, it might be time for a waterproofing upgrade.
An Insufficient Drainage System
Your home’s drain tile, or weeping tile, is a drainpipe that is used for underground water collection. It is located under the basement floor level of your property. The tile’s purpose is to make sure that water moves away from your home’s structure instead of seeping into the building. If your drain tile fails or degrades over time, your basement can end up experiencing flooding issues. This is particularly the case if you have insufficient waterproofing.
Your home’s gutters are essential for draining away rainwater from your property. If your gutters are located close to a tree, they can often become jammed with fallen debris such as sticks and leaves. This stops water from being able to safely drain from the roof, through the downspout, and away from the structure of your home. When gutters overflow, it can cause water to fall down the sides of your home. This can lead to pooling and leaking into your basement. The end result is often wood rot and foundation damage.
Your home’s downspouts are responsible for carrying water from your gutters and then away from its structure and foundation. If your downspout is broken or located too close to the wall, it can end up draining rainwater toward the basement. This can overload the drain tile and result in flooding. If you lack sufficient waterproofing, this outcome becomes even more likely.
Plumbing emergencies can lead to a flooded basement even if your home is not located in a flood zone. These emergencies can include:
- Sanitary sewer blockage from pipe breaks or flushing waste
- A burst pipe, clogged fixture, or leaking waste line
- Your sewer system gets overwhelmed with water which then backs up into the home
Leakage in the Supply Line
A break in your home’s water supply line along with hot water tank failures are common causes of flooding in basements. The winter months are when the most severe leaks occur because of water freezing and expanding.
A Broken Sump Pump
Sump pumps are drainage devices that you can use to keep your basement dry and clear of groundwater. They collect excess water from the foundation and from rainwater. From there, the water is drained outside of your home. If you have a sump pump, it is important to regularly clean, inspect, and test it to make sure that it is working properly.
How Can You Reduce Your Risk of Basement Flooding?
Whether you are dealing with a plumbing issue, a roof leak, or a flooded basement, water damage can be costly to repair. With this said, home improvements you can make to reduce the likelihood of water damage include:
- Add drainage or update your current system
- Install a sump pump
- Replace your home’s pipes if they are over 50 years old
- Install a water leak detection system
- Update your home’s windows and doors
- Routinely inspect your home’s roof for signs of damage
- Seal your basement
- Replace the supply hoses of your washing machine
These tips can help you to protect your home’s basement from the damage that can be caused by flooding. If you are currently experiencing basement flooding at your property, it is time to contact our team at ServiceMaster Fire & Water Restoration Services. You can count on a fast response from our water damage repair and restoration professionals. We will arrive at your location, assess the situation, and put together an action plan to get your property back to its pre-flood condition.